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Nov 30, 2023 IASbaba's Daily Current Affairs

Archives (PRELIMS & MAINS Focus)   Finland Syllabus Prelims –INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS Context: Recently, Finland announced that it will close its last remaining road border with Russia due to its concerns over migration. Background:- Finnish Prime Minister Petteri Orpo has said, that Finland will close its last remaining road border with Russia due to its concerns over migration, as the country accused Moscow of undermining Finland’s national security. About Finland:- IMAGE SOURCE: BRITANNICA Capital: Helsinki Finland, a country located in northern Europe. Finland is one of the world’s most northern and geographically remote countries. It is subject to a severe climate. Finland forms a symbolic northern border between Western and Eastern Europe. Bilateral relations:- Finland has excellent relations with India. Finland established diplomatic relations with India in 1949, after the country had gained independence in 1947. In recent years, the consolidation of the political and economic cooperation between the countries has been reflected in an increase in joint initiatives and the active exchange of delegations. Trade and economic relations:- Finland’s trade and economic relations with India rely on the export of paper, machinery, equipment and industry services from Finland to India. India’s exports to Finland are correspondingly centred on pharmaceutical, chemical and textile products. Services – particularly in the area of ICT and digital solutions also have a significant role in Indian exports to Finland. ( Finland gets world’s youngest PM)  MUST READ: Finlandization SOURCE: AIR PREVIOUS YEAR QUESTIONS Q.1) Consider the following pairs: (2022) The region often mentioned in the news:   Country Anatolia Turkey Amhara Ethiopia Cabo Delgado Spain Catalonia Italy How many pairs given above are correctly matched? Only one pair Only two pairs Only three pairs All four pairs Q.2) With reference to the “G20 Common Framework”, consider the following statements (2022) It is an initiative endorsed by the G20 together with the Paris Club. It is an initiative to support Income Countries with unsustainable debt. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? 1 only 2 only Both 1 and 2 Neither 1 nor 2 Pirola Syllabus Prelims –SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Context: Pirola, has seen a threefold increase in cases over a two-week period. Background:- Pirola is predominantly circulating in the US northeast, where it ranks as the second most prevalent variant (13%) following HV.1. About Pirola:- Pirola or 2.86 Variant is a new strain of COVID-19 with 35 mutations, causing concerns about immune evasion and vaccine efficacy. It demonstrates distinct symptoms like rashes, conjunctivitis, and diarrhoea. (Second Wave of COVID-19) The Pirola variant has been detected in several countries, including the US, the UK, and others. The fact that these cases are unrelated suggests some degree of international transmission, which is concerning. The concern with such mutations is that they could potentially make the virus more transmissible or resistant to immunity gained from previous infections or vaccinations. The WHO has classified BA.2.86 as a variant under monitoring. The spike protein of the Pirola variant has over 30 mutations, which is the protein that the virus utilizes to bind to human cells. This indicates that the Pirola variant could be more contagious or evade vaccines more than other Omicron subvariants. MUST READ: iNCOVACC SOURCE: TIMES OF INDIA PREVIOUS YEAR QUESTIONS Q.1) Consider the following statements in respect of probiotics: (2022) Probiotics are made of both bacteria and yeast. The organisms in probiotics are found in foods we ingest but they do not naturally occur in our gut. Probiotics help in the digestion of milk sugars. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? 1 only 2 only 1 and 3 2 and 3 Q.2) Which one of the following statements best describes the role of B cells and T cells in the human body? (2022) They protect the environmental allergens. body They alleviate the body’s pain and inflammation. They act as immunosuppressants in the body. They protect the body from the diseases caused by pathogens. VAJRA PRAHAR Syllabus Prelims –DEFENSE Context: Recently, Indo-US Special Forces Exercise Vajra Prahar Began. Background:- Indian and US special forces on Tuesday started joint exercise “Vajra Prahar” at the Joint Training Node, in Umroi, Meghalaya. About VAJRA PRAHAR:- Date: November 21 to December 11, 2023. Time period: it is conducted annually. Venue: Umroi Cantonment, Meghalaya. Vajra Prahar is an annual exercise alternately hosted by the Special Forces of India and the United States. These Special Forces units are dedicated to covert operations, counterterrorism, and other specialized military tasks. It is crucial for addressing the security challenges both nations face in the current global context. VAJRA PRAHAR has evolved as a platform to exchange ideas, enhance interoperability, and strengthen defence cooperation between the Special Forces of both India and the United States. The exercise is conducted in two phases, involving combat conditioning, tactical-level special missions training exercises, and a subsequent validation phase to assess and confirm the training received by both contingents. Key activities include Combat Free Fall insertion of troops, Waterborne insertion of troops, Precision engagement of targets at long ranges, Combat air controlling of fixed-wing and rotary-wing aircraft, and Airborne insertion and sustenance of troops.  MUST READ: India-USA relations SOURCE: TIMES OF INDIA  PREVIOUS YEAR QUESTIONS Q.1) Which one of the following is a part of the Congo Basin? (2023) Cameroon Nigeria South Sudan Uganda Q.2) With reference to the United Nations Convention on the Law of Sea, consider the following statements: (2022) A coastal state has the right to establish the breadth of its territorial sea up to a limit not exceeding 12 nautical miles, measured from a baseline determined in accordance with the convention. Ships of all states, whether coastal or land-locked, enjoy the right of innocent passage through the territorial sea. The Exclusive Economic Zone shall not extend beyond 200 nautical miles from the baseline from which the breadth of the territorial sea is measured. Which of the statements given above are correct? 1 and 2 only 2 and 3 only 1 and 3 only 1, 2 and 3 Pneumonia Syllabus Prelims –SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Context: Recently, amid reports of a surge in Pneumonia among children in China, the Karnataka government’s health department has placed its healthcare infrastructure on alert statewide. Background:- The advisory emphasizes seasonal flu, an infectious disease lasting five to seven days, known for its low morbidity and mortality rates. About Pneumonia:- Pneumonia is an infection that inflames the air sacs in one or both lungs. The air sacs may fill with fluid or pus (purulent material), causing cough with phlegm or pus, fever, chills, and difficulty breathing. A variety of organisms, including bacteria, viruses and fungi, can cause pneumonia. Symptoms:- Chest pain when you breathe or cough Confusion or changes in mental awareness (in adults age 65 and older) Cough, which may produce phlegm Fatigue Fever, sweating and shaking chills Lower than normal body temperature (in adults older than age 65 and people with weak immune systems) Nausea, vomiting or diarrhoea Shortness of breath Risk factors:- Being hospitalized. Chronic disease. Smoking. Weakened or suppressed immune system. Prevention:- Get vaccinated. (Disease Surveillance System) Make sure children get vaccinated. Practice good hygiene. Don’t smoke. Treatment:- Vaccine: Pneumonia caused by bacteria is easily preventable with vaccines. 3 doses of the primary vaccine (Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV) to prevent it are recommended. A new vaccine for one of the main viral causes of pneumonia is under development. India has introduced a nationwide rollout of PCV under the Universal Immunisation Programme (UIP). MUST READ: National Centres for Disease Control (NCDC) SOURCE: HINDUSTAN TIMES PREVIOUS YEAR QUESTIONS Q.1) Consider the following: (2022) Aarogya Setu COWIN DigiLocker DIKSHA Which of the above are built on top of open-source digital platforms? 1 and 2 only 2, 3 and 4 only 1, 3 and 4 only 1, 2, 3 and 4 Q.2) What is the cas9 protein that is often mentioned in the news? (2019) molecular scissors used in targeted gene editing. A biosensor used in the accurate detection of pathogens in patients. A gene that makes plants pest-resistant A herbicidal substance synthesized in generally modified crops Viksit Bharat Sankalp Yatra Syllabus Prelims –GOVERNMENT INITIATIVES Context: Recently, Viksit Bharat Sankalp Yatra received a warm welcome. Background:- Prime Minister Narendra Modi today virtually interacted with beneficiaries of the central government’s welfare schemes under the outreach programme Viksit Bharat Sankalp Yatra. About Viksit Bharat Sankalp Yatra:- Launched: 2023. Objectives:- Reaching the unreached – reach out to the vulnerable who are eligible under various schemes but have not availed of benefits so far. Dissemination of information and generating awareness about schemes. Learning from the citizens – Interaction with beneficiaries of government schemes through personal stories/experience sharing. Enrolment of potential beneficiaries through details ascertained during the Yatra. Salient Features:- It aims to promote and publicize government welfare schemes. The schemes that will be publicized through the yatra include Ayushman Bharat; PMJAY PM Garlb Kalyan Anna Yojana;  Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana among others. Five specially designed IEC (Information, Education and Communication) Vans will carry the message of the Government’s flagship welfare programmes. The target is to cover over 2.55 lakh Gram Panchayats and over 3,600 urban local bodies by 25th January 2024. In order to have synergy, the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare, the Ministry of Rural Development and the Ministry of Tribal Affairs will be the nodal Ministries for rural areas with significant Scheduled Tribe populations. For urban areas, the Ministry of Information & Broadcasting and the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs will be the Nodal Ministries. Government of India proposes to appoint Nodal Officers at States/ Districts for effective coordination MUST READ: Digital India Programme SOURCE: AIR PREVIOUS YEAR QUESTIONS Q.1) Consider the following statements: (2023) Statement-I: India’s public sector healthcare System largely focuses on curative care with limited preventive, promotive and rehabilitative care. Statement-II: Under India’s decentralized approach to health care delivery, the States are primarily responsible for organizing health services. Which one of the following is correct in respect of the above statements? Both Statement-I and Statement-II are correct and Statement-II is the correct explanation for Statement-I Both Statement-I and Statement-II are correct and Statement-II is not the correct explanation for Statement-I Statement-I is correct but Statement II is incorrect Statement-I is incorrect but Statement II is correct Q.2) Consider the following statements in the context of interventions being undertaken under the Anaemia Mukt Bharat Strategy : (2023) It provides prophylactic calcium supplementation for preschool children, adolescents and pregnant women. It runs a campaign for delayed cord clamping at the time of childbirth. It provides for periodic deworming. to children and adolescents. It addresses non-nutritional causes of anaemia in endemic pockets with a special focus on malaria, hemoglobinopathies and fluorosis. How many of the statements given above are correct? Only one Only two Only three All four Hybrid puffins Syllabus Prelims – ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY  Context: Recent studies show that, Hybrid puffins may have emerged in the 20th century due to warming. Background:- Two distinct subspecies of Atlantic puffins are now interbreeding in Norway, possibly as a result of Arctic warming forcing some birds away from their usual habitat. About Hybrid Puffins:- Scientific Name: Fratercula arctica. Habitat:- During the breeding season they roost on rocky cliffsides. Outside the breeding season the Atlantic puffins spend all their time at Distribution:- Atlantic puffins are the only species of puffin to live on the Atlantic Ocean. The other three puffin species live in the Pacific Ocean. They are spread around the coast of Europe from Russia’s northwest to France and all around the UK coastline. Physical Appearance:- The Atlantic puffin is a short creature. Its face is white with a black stripe running along the bottom of the eye. Their bill is as tall as their face and is triangular in shape when viewed from the side. Atlantic puffins are Most of their diet is fish with some shrimp, crustaceans, molluscs and polychaete worms also being taken on occasion. Reproduction: These monogamous birds lay their eggs.  MUST READ: Kerala Bird Atlas (KBA) SOURCE: NEW SCIENTIST PREVIOUS YEAR QUESTIONS Q.1) Consider the following fauna: (2023) Lion-tailed Macaque Malabar Civet Sambar Deer How many of the above are generally nocturnal or most active after sunset? Only one Only two All three None Q.2) Consider the following statements regarding the Indian squirrels: (2023) They build nests by making burrows in the ground. They store their food materials like nuts and seeds in the ground. They are omnivorous. How many of the above statements are correct? Only one Only two All three None Practice MCQs Daily Practice MCQs Q1) Consider the following pairs: EXERCISES COUNTRIES Sampriti India & Bangladesh Maitree Exercise India & Thailand Yudh Abhyas India & UK How many of the above pairs are correctly matched? Only one Only two All three None Q2) Consider the following statements Statement-I : Vajra Prahar is conducted biannually. Statement-II : The 2023 edition will take place in Umroi Cantonment, Meghalaya. Which one of the following is correct in respect of the above statements? Both Statement-I and Statement-II are correct and Statement-II is the correct explanation for Statement-I Both Statement-I and Statement-II are correct and Statement-II is not the correct explanation for Statement-I Statement-I is correct but Statement II is incorrect Statement-I is incorrect but Statement II is correct Q3) With reference to Pirola, consider the following statements: Pirola is also called BA.2.86 . It demonstrates distinct symptoms like rashes, conjunctivitis, and diarrhoea. The Pirola variant has only been detected in the US. How many of the statements given above is/are correct? 2 only 1, 2 and 3 only 1 and 2 only 3 only Comment the answers to the above questions in the comment section below!! ANSWERS FOR ’  30th November 2023 – Daily Practice MCQs’ will be updated along with tomorrow’s Daily Current Affairs.st ANSWERS FOR 29th November – Daily Practice MCQs Answers- Daily Practice MCQs Q.1) – a Q.2) – c Q.3) – c

Nov 30, 2023 Daily Prelims CA Quiz

For Previous Daily Quiz (ARCHIVES) - CLICK HERE The Current Affairs questions are based on sources like ‘The Hindu’, ‘Indian Express’ and ‘PIB’, which are very important sources for UPSC Prelims Exam. The questions are focused on both the concepts and facts. The topics covered here are generally different from what is being covered under ‘Daily Current Affairs/Daily News Analysis (DNA) and Daily Static Quiz’ to avoid duplication. The questions would be published from Monday to Saturday before 2 PM. One should not spend more than 10 minutes on this initiative. Gear up and Make the Best Use of this initiative. Do remember that, “the difference between Ordinary and EXTRA-Ordinary is PRACTICE!!” Important Note: Don't forget to post your marks in the comment section. Also, let us know if you enjoyed today's test :)After completing the 5 questions, click on 'View Questions' to check your score, time taken, and solutions.To take the Test Click Here

Nov 29, 2023 IASbaba's Daily Current Affairs

Archives (PRELIMS & MAINS Focus)   Zimbabwe Syllabus Prelims – INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS/ GEOGRAPHY Context: Recently, Zimbabwe announced the construction of its first utility geothermal power plant. Background:- The project aims to reduce Zimbabwe’s reliance on hydropower energy sources, which are under threat due to climate change. About Zimbabwe:- IMAGE SOURCE: WorldAtlas Location: Southern Africa. Capital: Harare. Zimbabwe is a landlocked country. Zimbabwe shares its borders with Zambia, Mozambique, South Africa, and Botswana. The country boasts diverse landscapes, including savannas, mountains (such as the Eastern Highlands), and plateaus. It has the iconic Victoria Falls on the Zambezi River. Zimbabwe, lies to the north of the Tropic of Capricorn. It is completely within the tropics but enjoys subtropical conditions. It is dominated by Savvanah grasslands. Major Rivers:- Zambezi River: The Zambezi, one of Africa’s largest rivers, flows through Zimbabwe, creating the iconic Victoria Falls, one of the world’s largest waterfalls. Limpopo River: Forms part of Zimbabwe’s southern border with South Africa and serves as a vital water source for the region. Save River: A major river in southeastern Zimbabwe, it is a key waterway supporting agriculture and wildlife in the region. Mountains and Highlands:- Eastern Highlands: This mountainous region, bordering Mozambique, features high peaks, lush forests, and fertile valleys. Mount Nyangani is the highest peak in Zimbabwe, part of the Eastern Highlands. Chimanimani Mountains: A subrange of the Eastern Highlands, known for its scenic beauty, diverse flora, and popular hiking trails. Matobo Hills: Located in the southwest, these granite hills are renowned for their unique rock formations, ancient rock art, and spiritual significance to the local communities. MUST READ: India-Africa Relationship SOURCE: DOWN TO EARTH PREVIOUS YEAR QUESTIONS Q.1) Consider the following pairs: (2022) The region often mentioned in the news:   Country Anatolia                                                    Turkey Amhara                                                   Ethiopia Cabo Delgado                                          Spain Catalonia                                                   Italy How many pairs given above are correctly matched? Only one pair Only two pairs Only three pairs All four pairs Q.2) With reference to the “G20 Common Framework”, consider the following statements (2022) It is an initiative endorsed by the G20 together with the Paris Club. It is an initiative to support Income Countries with unsustainable debt. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? 1 only 2 only Both 1 and 2 Neither 1 nor 2 ISSF World Cup Final 2023 Syllabus Prelims –SPORTS Context: Recently, the competitive phase of the ISSF World Cup Final 2023 began. Background:- The ISSF World Cup Final 2023 began with 10m Air Pistol Men and women events. About ISSF World Cup Final 2023:- Date: November 18th, to 26th November, 2023. Venue: Doha, Qatar. The competition will witness 13 Indian shooters competing for top honours across various shooting disciplines. This season finale will showcase the top 15 shooters from this year’s World Cup circuit across 12 shooting events. (Grand Slam) India currently holds the third position in the World Cup medal standings with three gold, one silver and five bronze medals. China is leading the table with seven gold medals. Serbia is in second spot with the same number of golds as India and an additional silver medal. Leading the Indian contingent will be Aishwarya Pratap Singh Tomar, a multiple medal-winner at the Asian Games 2022 and Rudrankksh Balasaheb Patil, a former world number one. Apart from these two, the team comprises the Paris Olympics 2024 quota holders Mehuli Ghosh, Akhil Sheoran, Sarabjot Singh, Anish Bhanwala, and Asian Games 2022 bronze medalist Ramita Jindal. Tokyo Olympian Elavenil Valarivan is another key member of the team. MUST READ: Sports Code SOURCE: AIR PREVIOUS YEAR QUESTIONS Q.1) Consider the following statements in respect of the 32nd Summer Olympics: The official motto for this Olympics is ‘A New World’. Sport Climbing, Surfing, Skateboarding, Karate and Baseball are included in this Olympics. Which of the above statements is/are correct? (2021) 1 only 2 only Both 1 and 2 Neither 1 and 2 Q.2) Consider the following statements in respect of the ICC World Test Championship: The finalists were decided by the number of matches they won. New Zealand was ranked ahead of England because it won more matches than England. Which of the above statements is/are correct? (2021) 1 only 2 only Both 1 and 2 Neither 1 and 2 Black Stork Syllabus Prelims – ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY Context: Recently, Black Stork was spotted for the first time in Hastinapur. Background:- A Black Stork, a species rarely seen, has been spotted in the Hastinapur Wildlife Sanctuary in Uttar Pradesh, India. About Black Stork:- Scientific Name: Ciconia nigra. FAMILY: Ciconiidae. The black stork is a large bird in the stork family Ciconiidae. (Blackbuck) It was first described by Carl Linnaeus in the 10th edition of his Systema Naturae. Measuring on average 95 to 100 cm (37 to 39 in) from beak tip to end of tail with a 145-to-155 cm (57-to-61 in) wingspan. The adult black stork has mainly black plumage, with white underparts, long red legs and a long pointed red beak. It is a widespread but uncommon species. It breeds in scattered locations across Europe (predominantly in Portugal and Spain, and central and eastern parts), and east across the Palearctic to the Pacific Ocean. It is a long-distance migrant, with European populations wintering in tropical Sub-Saharan Africa, and Asian populations in the Indian subcontinent. When migrating between Europe and Africa, it avoids crossing the Mediterranean Sea and detours via the Levant in the east or the Strait of Gibraltar in the west. An isolated, non-migratory, population occurs in Southern Africa. Conservation status:- IUCN: Least concern  MUST READ: Atapaka Bird Sanctuary SOURCE: TIMES OF INDIA PREVIOUS YEAR QUESTIONS Q1. Which of the following organisms perform the waggle dance for others of their kin to indicate the direction and the distance to a source of their food? (2023) Butterflies Dragonflies Honeybees Wasps Q2. Consider the following fauna : (2023) Lion-tailed Macaque Malabar Civet Sambar Deer How many of the above are generally nocturnal or most active after sunset? Only one Only two All three None NISAR (NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar) Syllabus Prelims –SPACE Context: India and the US will launch the joint microwave remote sensing satellite for Earth observation named NISAR (NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar) soon. Background:- The Department of Space in a statement said that NISAR is targeted for launch onboard India’s Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV). About NISAR (NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar):- Launch year :2024. Agency: NASA and ISRO. The NASA-ISRO SAR (NISAR) Mission will measure Earth’s changing ecosystems, dynamic surfaces, and ice masses providing information about biomass, natural hazards, sea level rise, and groundwater. It will support a host of other applications. NISAR will observe Earth’s land and ice-covered surfaces globally with 12-day regularity on ascending and descending passes, sampling Earth on average every 6 days for a baseline 3-year mission. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration will provide one of the radars for the satellite, a high-rate communication subsystem for science data, GPS receivers and a payload data subsystem. NISAR will be equipped with the largest reflector antenna ever launched by NASA. The Indian Space and Research Organisation (ISRO) will provide the spacecraft bus, the second type of radar (called the S-band radar), the launch vehicle and associated launch services. Objectives:- Tracking subtle changes in the Earth’s surface, Spotting warning signs of imminent volcanic eruptions, Helping to monitor groundwater supplies, and Tracking the rate at which ice sheets are melting. Significance:- NISAR’s data can help people worldwide better manage natural resources and hazards, as well as provide information for scientists to better understand the effects and pace of climate change. MUST READ: India – USA space cooperation SOURCE: AIR PREVIOUS YEAR QUESTIONS Q.1) If a major solar storm (solar flare) reaches the Earth, which of the following are the possible effects on the Earth? (2022) GPS and navigation systems could fail. Tsunamis could occur in equatorial regions. Power grids could be damaged. Intense auroras could occur over much of the Earth. Forest fires could take place over much of the planet. Orbits of the satellites could be disturbed. Shortwave radio communication of the aircraft flying over polar regions could be interrupted. Select the correct answer using the code given below: 1, 2, 4, and 5 only 2, 3, 5, 6, and 7 only 1, 3, 4, 6, and 7 only 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 Q.2)  Which one of the following is a reason why astronomical distances are measured in light-years? (2021) Distance among stellar bodies do not change Gravity of stellar bodies does not change Light always travels in straight line Speed of light is always same Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) Syllabus Prelims –IMPORTANT INSTITUTIONS Context: Recently, it was revealed that ISRO chose to land Chandrayaan in moon’s south pole region for water molecules. Background:- The Chandrayaan-3 Project Director said India has a road map for its space programmes until 2047. About Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO):- Establishment: 1969. Agency: Department of Space (DOS). HQ: Bengaluru, Karnataka. Objective: to harness space technology for national development while pursuing space science research and planetary exploration. Historic Background:- ISRO was previously the Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR), set up by the Government of India in 1962, as envisioned by Dr. VikramA Sarabhai. ISRO was formed on August 15, 1969 and superseded INCOSPAR with an expanded role to harness space technology. Salient Features:- ISRO is the space agency under the Department of Space of Government of India. The organization is involved in science, engineering and technology to harvest the benefits of outer space for India and the mankind. ISRO is a major constituent of the Department of Space (DOS), Government of India. The department executes the Indian Space Programme primarily through various Centres or units within ISRO. Functions: Space Science & Exploration Satellites. Antrix Corporation Limited (ACL) is a Marketing arm of ISRO for the promotion and commercial exploitation of space products, technical consultancy services, and transfer of technologies developed by ISRO. ISRO Milestones:- The first Indian-made sounding rocket was the RH-75 (Rohini-75). The first Indian satellite, Aryabhata, was built by the ISRO. Development of the PSLV (Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle) for placing satellites into polar orbits and the GSLV (Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle) for placing satellites into geostationary orbits. ISRO also launched the first IRS (remote-sensing satellite) in 1988. ISRO launched its first lunar mission Chandrayaan I in 2008. In January 2014, ISRO used an indigenously built cryogenic engine for a GSLV-D5 launch of the GSAT-14 satellite making it one of the only six countries in the world to develop a cryogenic technology. It also launched the Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) or the Mangalyaan in 2014. India launched Chandrayaan-2, its second lunar exploration mission after Chandrayaan-1 on 22nd July 2019. India launched Chandrayaan-3 in 2023.  MUST READ: IN-SPACe SOURCE: THE HINDU PREVIOUS YEAR QUESTIONS Q.1) With reference to the Earth’s atmosphere, which one of the following statements is correct? (2023) The total amount of insolation received at the equator is roughly about 10 times that received at the poles. Infrared rays constitute roughly two-thirds of insolation. Infrared waves are largely absorbed by water vapour that is concentrated in the lower atmosphere. Infrared waves are a part of the visible spectrum of electromagnetic waves of solar radiation. Q.2) Which one of the following countries has its own Satellite Navigation System? (2023) Australia Canada Israel Japan Swine Flu Syllabus Prelims –SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Context: Recently, a new Swine Flu Strain has been discovered in a Human in the UK For the First Time. Background:- The UK Health Security Agency (UKHSA) verified that a person tested positive for Influenza A H1N2v, a distinct but similar virus to the flu viruses spreading in pigs across the country. About Swine Flu:- The H1N1 flu, sometimes called swine flu, is a type of influenza A virus. Influenza viruses such as H1N1 infect the cells that line your nose, throat and lungs. The virus spreads through the air in droplets released when someone with the virus coughs, sneezes, breathes or talks. The virus enters your body when you breathe in contaminated droplets. (Disease Surveillance System) Symptoms:- Fever, but not always. Aching muscles. Chills and sweats. Cough. Sore throat. Runny or stuffy nose. Watery, red eyes. Eye pain. Body aches. Headache. Tiredness and weakness. Diarrhea. Feeling sick to the stomach, vomiting, but this is more common in children than adults. Preventions:- Wash hands often. Cover the coughs and sneezes. Avoid touching face. Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth. Clean and disinfect surfaces. MUST READ: African Swine Fever SOURCE: SCIENCE DIRECT    PREVIOUS YEAR QUESTIONS Q.1) Consider the following statements in respect of probiotics: (2022) Probiotics are made of both bacteria and yeast. The organisms in probiotics are found in foods we ingest but they do not naturally occur in our gut. Probiotics help in the digestion of milk sugars. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? 1 only 2 only 1 and 3 2 and 3 Q.2) Which one of the following statements best describes the role of B cells and T cells in the human body? (2022) They protect the environmental allergens. body They alleviate the body’s pain and inflammation. They act as immunosuppressants in the body. They protect the body from the diseases caused by pathogens. Practice MCQs Daily Practice MCQs Q1) Consider the following pairs: Disease Caused by Plague Bordetella pertussis Whooping Cough Yersinia pestis Pneumonia Streptococcus pneumoniae How many of the above pairs are correctly matched? Only one Only two All three None Q2) Consider the following statements Statement-I : NISAR (NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar) is planned to be launched in year 2024. Statement-II : It is joint effort of Agency NASA and ESA. Which one of the following is correct in respect of the above statements? Both Statement-I and Statement-II are correct and Statement-II is the correct explanation for Statement-I Both Statement-I and Statement-II are correct and Statement-II is not the correct explanation for Statement-I Statement-I is correct but Statement II is incorrect Statement-I is incorrect but Statement II is correct Q3) With reference to Zimbawe, consider the following statements: Its Capital is Harare. Zimbabwe is a landlocked country. Zimbabwe does not share its borders with Botswana. How many of the statements given above is/are correct? 2 only 1, 2 and 3 only 1 and 2 only 3 only Comment the answers to the above questions in the comment section below!! ANSWERS FOR ’  29th November 2023 – Daily Practice MCQs’ will be updated along with tomorrow’s Daily Current Affairs.st ANSWERS FOR 28th November – Daily Practice MCQs Answers- Daily Practice MCQs Q.1) – b Q.2) – d Q.3) – b